Surveying and sampling ACMs can give rise to exposure to asbestos. These 
work activities are covered by the more general requirements of CAR 2012.

The regulations require employers to carry out a risk assessment (regulation 6) and 
prepare a plan of work (regulation 7), setting out the control measures and personal 
protective equipment (PPE) to be used. The regulations also require that adequate 
information, instruction and training (including refresher training) (regulation 10) 
are given to the sampling personnel. Training should meet the requirements for 
non-licensable asbestos work as set out in the Approved Code of Practice, Work 
with materials containing asbestos. Sampling ACMs is, however, exempt from 
the regulations covering licensing (regulation 8), notification of work with asbestos 
(regulation 9) and health surveillance (regulation 22) by virtue of regulation 3(2), as 
the exposure is sporadic and low intensity and is unlikely to exceed the control 
limit. Other hazards may also be present, such as working at heights and electrical 
cables. A risk assessment will need to be carried out before starting work on site 
(see paragraphs 83–87). It should include any safety aspects and record any safety 
protocol to be observed on site as well as fire alarm and evacuation procedures.

When asbestos is disturbed or damaged, it releases tiny fibres into the air. These fibres can easily be inhaled without the person even noticing. They can become trapped in the nose or throat, or they can work their way into the lung or digestive tract. Once the fibres enter the body, this is when they start to cause health problems.